John Hughes Clarke (email@example.com) Room E32, 506-453-4568
6022 is designed specifically for Ocean Mapping graduate students within GGE. Through the course the main objective is to learn how to perform an in-depth analysis of the oceanographic and sedimentological framework of a geographic region (an area in which they would intend to conduct a hydrographic survey). The focus of the analysis is to be able to reasonably predict the performance of acoustic survey instrumentation in the region and thus influence the design of the most-economic and informative survey.
In doing the analysis they learn how to usefully extract information from publicly available oceanographic and sedimentological journals or reports, gleaning the information critical to understanding the likely distribution of watermass and seafloor physical properties. Where insufficient archived data and interpretations exist the student is encouraged to make inferences about the likely oceanography and sedimentology based on analogies to better know areas.
6022 builds on 3353 and 5013 which are ideally taken as prerequisities. For those however, pressed by time, the course can be taken in parallel (co-requisite). GGE3353 provides information on sonar systems and their sensitivity to the physical properties of the watermass (sound speed and attenuation) and seabed (sound speed, density and roughness). GGE5013 provides relevant theory of tides, oceangraphy and sedimentology.
5013 is a 5th year class designed to meet the syllabus of the Hydrographic Certificate. It consists of a series of formal lectures. Students taking this course are required to attend the classes, do a subset of the field laboratories (tide and currents) and pass the midterm and final.
6022 is a graduate level course that is done through seminars and
discussions. The course is focussed around coastal oceanography
sedimentology. The students have to attend all the 5013 classes (either
previously or in parallel) but the main focus will be a term
and presentations on the oceanography and marine geology of a coastal
continental shelf location and the impact of the environment on
choice of survey instruments and field procedures.
For the purposes of the exercise, the area chosen for analysis
be one for which there are sufficient journal articles or reports on
physical oceanography and surficial sedimentology in the open
Previous studies include:
|Baffin Bay||Ian Church|
|The Dutch Wadden Sea||Pim Kuus|
|Chilean Coastal Fjords||Miquel Vasquez|
|The Strait of Gibraltar||Andres Millan|
|Amazon River Delta||Aluizio Oliveira|
|Portuguese Continental Shelf||Ricardo Cordeiro de Almeida|
|The Northwest Passage||Jonathan Beaudoin|
|Strait of Juan De Fuca||Andrew Muir|
|Beaufort Sea / Amundsen Gulf||Travis Wert|
|Queen Charlotte Basin||Meredith Hutchison|
|St. Lawrence Gulf||Leonel Manteigas|
|Gulf of Maine||Jennifer Coppola|
|Hudson River / New York Bight||Nicole Delpeche|
Preliminary Study : - due by mid term
Background Literature Search - At least 20 references should be available (don't choose interesting but insufficiently studied areas!).
Geological Framework, Physical Constraints - describe the principal geological units that make up the lithified bedrock in the area. Define the contributing watersheds in the surrounding terrestrial topography. Potential sources and sinks of terrigenous and/or carbonate sediment (modern deltas, reefs, relict sediments) . Obtain the best bathymetric model of the area outlining the boundary constraints (links to open ocean, headlands, constrictions, sources of freshwater).
Meterological Environment - seasonal rainfall, wind directions, temperature, sunshine, influence of ice formation.
Tidal Regime Analysis - Using the available tidal constituents for stations within the area of interest describe the type and range of the tides. Discuss the propagation (phase and amplitude variability) of the tides throughout the region of interest.
Preliminary study must be presented as a document accompanying an oral presentation to the class at the time of the mid-term....
Detailed Study - due by end of term
Oceanographic Environment - Description of the temperature and salinity structure of the region, its likely variability daily , tidally (if known), seasonally and geographically. An explanation of the driving forces on the hydrographic regime (open ocean forcing, tidal mixing, wave mixing, solar heating, fresh water influences).
Sedimentological Environment - Modern surficial sediment
- what fraction is active and what relict. Recent sealevel history
Modern sources and sinks of sediment. Modes of sediment transport.
of tidal currents, v. unidirectional v. wave resuspension,
ice rafting etc....
Detailed study must be presented as a document accompanying an oral presentation to the class at the time of the final.